Carpets have been produced in Britain since 1720, when a factory was established at Wilton in Wiltshire. The original carpets made at Wilton were a low loop pile construction known as ‘Brussels Weave’. A development on this was a cut pile version which was then named after the town of Wilton. This new ‘Wilton Weave’ was then copied by other factories in Kidderminster and the rest of the country.
Later in 1755, Thomas Whitty started a factory at Axminster in Devon, making hand knotted carpets. He later mechanised his production as the industrial revolution began to take hold and in doing so, established the name of Axminster as synonymous with quality woven carpet. Both types of weaving were then produced in factories around the country as the carpet industry began to expand to fulfil a growing demand for its products worldwide.
In the early 1900s, an entirely new method of producing carpet was invented in America that is called tufted carpet. This method is based on the technique used to make candlewick bedspreads in which a piece of pre-woven cloth has tufts inserted into it, but it was not until 1940 that this new method was used to produce broadloom carpet.
Modern technology has allowed incredible progress to be made in yarn construction and also developments in modern plant and machinery has provided the opportunity to bring even more sophisticated products to enhance the comfort of your home.